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Posted with permission of publisher. Appeared online 8 December 2011.

Science & Technology Libraries, 30:207-325, 2011

Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

ISSN: 0194-262X print/1541-1109 online

DOI: 10.1080/0194262X.2011.626334

Abstract

Biogeography, the study of animal and plant distribution, has a history extending back to at least the eighteenth century. But it was not until the work of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the mid-nineteenth century that it really came into its own as a science. Darwin’s importance notwithstanding, it was really Wallace who put the field on the map, and many of today’s research threads can be traced back to his influence. This article provides a summary review of Wallace’s life and work and biogeography as a field of study, including Wallace’s role in its development.

Disciplines

Earth Sciences | Ecology and Evolutionary Biology | Other Social and Behavioral Sciences