International Journal of Exercise Science 10(5): 666-680, 2017. Fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 (FNDC5) is a skeletal muscle membrane-bound precursor to the myokine irisin. Irisin is involved in stimulating adipose tissue to become more metabolically active in order to produce heat. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise in a hot (33 °C), cold (7 °C), and room temperature (RT, 20 °C) environment on the skeletal muscle gene expression of FNDC5 and the plasma concentrations of irisin. Twelve recreationally trained males completed three separate, 1 h cycling bouts at 60% of Wmax in a hot, cold, and RT environment followed by three hours of recovery at room temperature. Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein and muscle biopsies were taken from the vastus lateralis pre-, post-, and 3 h post-exercise. Plasma concentrations of irisin did not change from pre- (9.23 ± 2.68 pg·mL-1) to post-exercise (9.6 ± 0.2 pg·mL-1, p = 0.068), but did decrease from post-exercise to 3 h post-exercise (8.9 ± 0.5 pg·mL-1, p = 0.047) regardless of temperature. However, when plasma volume shifts were considered, no differences were found in irisin (p = 0.086). There were no significant differences between trials for irisin plasma concentrations (p > 0.05). No significant differences in FNDC5 were observed between the hot, cold, or RT or pre-, post-, or 3 h post-exercise time points (p > 0.05). These data indicate that the temperature in which exercise takes place does not influence FNDC5 transcription or circulating irisin in a human model.
Bubak, Matthew; Heesch, Matthew W.S.; Shute, Robert J.; Dinan, Nicholas E.; Laursen, Terence L.; La Salle, D. Taylor; and Slivka, Dustin R.
"Irisin and Fibronectin Type III Domain-Containing 5 Responses to Exercise in Different Environmental Conditions,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 10
5, Pages 666 - 680.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol10/iss5/3