International Journal of Exercise Science 10(5): 702-712, 2017. Childhood obesity is a growing public health concern. Research has shown sedentary behavior (SB) increases children’s unhealthy food consumption, while physical activity (PA) decreases caloric intake and increases energy expenditure. The purpose of this study was to examine child snack choice following a bout of active, SB, and a mix of SB and active (SB-A). Participants included a volunteer sample of children (n=24) ranging from 9-13 years of age. A within-subjects simple experimental design was used, and children participated in three conditions: active, SB, and SB-A. After each condition, the children were asked to choose one snack from two healthy and two unhealthy options. The children were randomized into one of the six possible condition sequences (4 children per group) based on when they enrolled in the study. Data were analyzed in SPSS (v21) using the Friedman, Wilcoxon Signed-Rank, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. There was not a statistically significant difference in the overall model comparing the three conditions on snack choice (p=0.15). Overweight/obese children were significantly more likely than normal weight children to choose a healthier snack option after the active condition (p=0.02). There was no difference between boys and girls for snack choice following the active (p>0.05), SB (p>0.05), and SB-A (p>0.05). Our overall findings suggest SB and active had no effect on children’s snack choice. Promoting PA to children who are overweight/obese could lead to decreased energy intake and increased energy expenditure combating the obesity epidemic.
Barry, Allison M.; Rhoades, Jesse L.; Fitzgerald, John S.; Caine, Dennis J.; Dalin, Dalonda L.; and Walch, Tanis J.
"Effect of Sedentary and Physical Activities on Children’s Food Choice,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 10
5, Pages 702 - 712.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol10/iss5/6