International Journal of Exercise Science 10(6): 833-844, 2017. Sport has become racialized such that minority youth accrue limited health and academic benefits from participation, compared to their White counterparts. Understanding the welcomeness that minorities feel in sport, leisure and physical activities plays an important role in breaking down barriers to participation. Thus, the overall aim of this study is to further examine the determinants of sport participation, particularly as it relates to race, socialization and perceived welcomeness. College students (N = 451) scored their perceived level of welcomeness for Whites, African Americans and Hispanic/Latinos in 14 sports. Results reveal significant differences in the perceived welcomeness felt by Whites, African Americans and Hispanic/Latinos in most of the sports analyzed. The discussion focuses on the socialization agents that facilitate such racialized perceptions and hinder access and opportunities for racial and ethnic minority youth to experience the health, academic and social benefits of sport participation.
Bopp, Trevor; Turick, Robert; Vadeboncoeur, Joshua D.; and Aicher, Thomas J.
"Are You Welcomed? A Racial and Ethnic Comparison of Perceived Welcomeness in Sport Participation,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 10
6, Pages 833 - 844.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol10/iss6/3