The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends that healthy adults achieve a minimum of thirty minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise five days per week. While cycling, walking, and jogging are commonly observed methods of achieving these recommendations, another option may be repetitive jumping. The purpose of this study was to examine the metabolic responses between repetitive jumping at a cadence of 120 jumps per minute (JPMs) vs. 100 JPMs when utilizing the Digi-Jump machine. Twenty-eight subjects completed two jumping trials, one at 120 JPMs and one at 100 JPMs. Subjects jumped until volitional exhaustion, or for a maximum of fifteen minutes. Oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were assessed each minute of each exercise trial. RPE was differentiated, in that subjects reported perceived exertion of their total body, their upper-leg, and their lower leg. Results of this study indicated that there was no significant difference between the two trials for VO2, HR, or total body RPE. Differences were reported between trials for peak and average RER, with the 120 JPM trial eliciting a lower RER for both (peak: 1.08 + .087 vs. 1.17 + .1 p=.000; average: .99 + .076 vs. 1.04 + .098 p=.002), peak upper leg RPE (120: 15.29 + 3.89 vs. 100: 16.75 + 2.52 p=.022), and average lower leg RPE (120: 15.04 + 2.55 vs. 100: 13.94 + 2.02 p=.019). Also, there was a significant difference in exercise duration between the trials, with subjects able to exercise longer during the 120 JPM trial (12.4 + 3.42 mins vs. 9.68 + 4.31 mins p=.000). These data indicate that while the physiological stress may not be different between the two trials as indicated by VO2 and HR, the 120 JPM trial appears less strenuous as evidenced by RER values and by subjects’ ability to exercise longer at that cadence.
Lyons, Thomas S.; Navalta, James W.; and Callahan, Zachary J.
"Evaluation of Metabolic Stress between Jumping at Different Cadences on the Digi-Jump Machine,"
International Journal of Exercise Science:
4, Article 10.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol3/iss4/10