This study examined the effects of elliptical cross training on VO2max in recently-trained runners. 12 female and 8 male participants (mean SD; age = 23.70 6.33 years, body mass index = 24.85 5.89 kg/m2) completed an initial four-week run training program, exercising four days/week, 30 minutes/day, at 80% maximal heart rate. VO2max was predicted based on the duration of a Bruce graded-maximal treadmill test (GXT) prior to and after the run training. After initial training phase and post-test, subjects volunteered for the detrain group (n = 6) or were assigned to the run (n = 7) or elliptical (n = 7) based on a matched-pair design. Elliptical and run groups exercised three weeks under same prescription as initial program. GXT again performed after mode-specific training phase. VO2max (ml/kg/min) increased (p < 0.001) from the pre-training (39.89 10.74) to post-training (41.66 10.90) after the initial run training program. Although not statistically significant, VO2max declined (0.8% running, 1.5% elliptical, and 4.8% detraining) for all groups following the additional mode-specific program. Despite declines, repeated measures ANOVA showed no significant differences within or between groups before and after the mode-specific training phase. However, dependent sample t-test did reveal a decline (p < 0.05) in GXT time (minutes) for the detrain group from before (11.01 2.80) and after (10.54 2.72) their detrain phase. Future research should determine if elliptical exercise maintains VO2max when away from running for longer periods. KEY WORDS: Elliptical, VO2max, Run, Cross Train
Joubert, Dustin; Oden, Gary; and Estes, Brent
"The Effects Of Ellipical Cross Training on VO2 max in Recently Trained Runners,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 4
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol4/iss1/2