International Journal of Exercise Science 5(4) : 360-366, 2012. This study compared sitting on a stability ball (B) to sitting on a chair (C) during arm ergometry to determine the impact on peak VO2, peak heart rate (HR), and exercise intensity prescription. Open-circuit spirometer, blood pressure, and HR were monitored during rest and continuous graded exercise test to exhaustion using an arm ergometer. Twenty-seven apparently healthy adults exercised twice, once at B and the other trial C (order randomized), with 60 minutes of rest between trials. ANOVA for repeated measures (a < 0.05) and paired t testing using Holm's-sequential Bonferroni were used to analyze results for 30 W, 45 W, Penultimate, and Peak stages of exercise. VO2 was significantly higher (8% to 12%, P < 0.001) for all stages of exercise for B compared to C. HR was significantly higher (P < 0.001) only at the Penultimate and Peak levels (3% and 2%, respectively) for B compared to C; all other sub-maximal HRs were not significantly different. There were no significant main effects or interactions (P> 0.138) when VO2 and HR were expressed as percentage of maximum. Compared to chair sitting, the stability ball has a greater absolute metabolic response with little impact on HR. Prescribing exercise with absolute MET levels should consider this; however, intensity as a percentage of maximum may not be affected by the stability ball.
Marks, Charles R.C; Dupuie, Leah; and Patros, Jennifer
"Stabillity Ball Sitting Elevates Peak Arm Ergometry Oxygen Consumption and Heart Rate,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 5
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol5/iss4/6