International Journal of Exercise Science 6(1) : 81-90, 2013. Monocyte TLR expression has been shown to be reduced after a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise, but more studies considering the influences of different exercise intensities, type and duration on TLR expression are needed. Although there is an agreement about the importance of physical exercise, the minimal amount needed to improve health status is uncertain. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the influence of 2 weeks of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on CD14+ monocyte TLR4 expression in a sedentary, high BMI population. As a secondary purpose, this study covers the influence of exercise on classical and pro-inflammatory monocytes and the TLR4 expression before and after a training period in these monocyte subsets. Six high-intensity interval training (HIIT) sessions over a 2 week period (three sessions per week) were completed by 11 sedentary participants (24 ± 5 years old). Blood samples were taken at the beginning and end of the training period for analysis of haematocrit, haemoglobin, total white blood cell (leukocyte), monocyte counts, monocyte CD14+ TLR4 expression and monocyte subsets. Two weeks of high-intensity intermittent exercise training increased VO2peak and total CD14+ monocyte TLR4 expression in a sedentary, high BMI population. There was no influence of training on the proportions of classical and pro-inflammatory monocyte subsets, but TLR4 expression in the majority of these monocyte subsets (apart from CD14++CD16+) was higher after the six training sessions.
Child, Marta; Leggate, Melanie; and Gleeson, Michael
"Effects of Two Weeks of High-intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on Monocyte TLR2 and TLR4 Expression in High BMI Sedentary Men,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 6
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol6/iss1/10