International Journal of Exercise Science 7(2) : 110-118, 2014. South Texas has a high prevalence of diabetes and college students may be particularly at risk. While increased BMI, sedentary activity and depression have been associated with diabetes progression in the general population, it has not been established whether these factors contribute to increased diabetes risk in college students. The purpose of this study was to assess diabetes risk and determine whether depressive symptoms or physical activity patterns are associated with increased diabetes risk in college students. Sixty-nine college students were assessed for diabetes risk using the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) . Each participant completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) which included a sitting subscale, the Zung Self-Rated Depression Scale, and had anthropometric measures taken. Of the participants, 21.7% reported elevated risk (FINDRISC score 7-11), and 4.3% of participants had a moderate-to-high risk of developing diabetes (FINDRISC >12). On average, the sample was overweight (BMI = 26.81±0.75 kg . m-2), and BMI was associated with diabetes risk (r = 0.626, p < 0.001). While diabetes risk was not correlated with IPAQ total physical activity score (r = 0.019, p = 0.874), it was modestly correlated with time spent sitting (r = 0.295, p = 0.015). There was no association between self-reported depressive symptoms and diabetes risk (r =0.078, p = 0.525). Although diabetes risk was not associated with total activity and depressive symptoms, it was associated with time spent sitting and BMI. These results suggest that in this population, sitting less and reducing weight may help lower the risk of developing diabetes.
Stack, Jordan W.; Mahoney, Sara E.; and Hearon, Christopher M.
"Factors Associated with Diabetes Risk in South Texas College Students,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 7
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol7/iss2/2