International Journal of Exercise Science 8(3): 234-242, 2015. The anxiety or fear associated with physique evaluation is defined as Social Physique Anxiety (SPA). Numerous studies have examined this construct, yet a gap exists exploring this phenomenon among current college students with SPA, self-efficacy, and gender concurrently. Therefore, the purposes of this study included quantitatively analyzing the association between SPA, gender, and self-efficacy. Participants included 237 students at a Southeastern university participating in jogging, body conditioning, or weight training courses. Analysis of Variance yielded a significant main effect for self-efficacy as well, as those with lower self-efficacy displayed higher levels of SPA (p< 0.001). Stepwise regression analysis indicated self-efficacy and gender were both significant predictors of SPA. This information could aid in creating interventions designed to decrease the prevalence of SPA and increase levels of self-efficacy among the current college student population.
Rothberger, Sara M.; Harris, Brandonn; Czech, Daniel; and Melton, Bridget F.
"The Relationship of Gender and Self-Efficacy on Social Physique Anxiety among College Students,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 8
, Article 4.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol8/iss3/4