International Journal of Exercise Science 8(4): 318-330, 2015. The purpose of the study was to determine if measured maximal heart rate (HRmax) was affected by sex or aerobic training status, and to determine the accuracy of three common clinical age-prediction maximal heart rate regression equations used to predict HRmax: HRmax = 220 – age, HRmax = 226 – age, and HRmax = 208 – (0.7 ∙ age). Fifty-two participants in total, 30 of which were in the active group (15 M, 15 F) and 22 subjects in the sedentary group (9 M, 13 F), within the age range of 18-25 years and with a normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg∙m-2) underwent a Bruce maximal treadmill exercise protocol. The effect of sex and training status on HRmax was analyzed through a two-way ANOVA, and the effect of sex, aerobic training status, and regression equation on accuracy of the HRmax prediction was assessed with a three-way ANOVA (α=0.05). Overall, males had a higher HRmax than females (198.3 v. 190.4 beats • min-1 , p<.001) and sedentary individuals had higher measured HRmax than active individuals (197.3 v. 191.4 beats • min-1, p=.002). Furthermore, HRmax = 208 – (0.7 ∙ age)(equation 3) calculated the smallest signed and unsigned residuals from the difference between observed HRmax and predicted HRmax values for the significant main effects of equation (3), equation x sex (females x 3), and equation x activity level (active x 3). Therefore, based on our results, we conclude that HRmax = 208 – (0.7 ∙ age) has greater accuracy than the other two equations studied for predicting observed values of HRmax in 18-25 year olds.
Roy, Stephen J. and McCrory, J.L.
"Validation of Maximal Heart Rate Prediction Equations based on Sex and Physical Activity Status,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 8
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol8/iss4/2