International Journal of Exercise Science 9(3): 249-257, 2016.Body image dissatisfaction (BID) is defined as the difference between actual and desired image. Body image or BID is subject to high levels of societal pressure and discrepancies are frequent between actual and desired image. This study examined BID among male exercisers (ME), female exercisers (FE), male non-exercisers (MNE) and female non-exercisers (FNE). Further, the potential relationship of personal BID on individual’s beliefs regarding what their peers’ perceptions would be was examined. College-aged men (n = 169) and women (n = 246) used the Stunkard scale to self-assess body image. Participants labeled a) which silhouette they felt accurately represents their body, b) which silhouette they would like to be, c) which silhouette reflects other women’s perception of them and d) which silhouette reflects other men’s perception of them. ANOVA detected a significant difference among groups. Follow up tests revealed less dissatisfaction (score closer to zero) (p < 0.05) for ME (-0.09 + 1.15) than MNE (0.61 + 1.36), FE (0.87 + 0.92) and FNE (1.13 + 1.09) and, less BID for MNE vs. FNE. Specific correlations for anticipated perceptions of male and female peers ranged from 0.05 to 0.27. Current results confirm ME desires to be larger (i.e. muscular) while MNE and females regardless of exercise status desire to be smaller. Although limited by a narrow range of dissatisfaction score, the current study suggests personal body image perceptions are not meaningfully related to what individuals anticipate their peers will think of them.
Melching, Katie; Green, Matt; O'Neal, Eric K.; and Renfroe, Lee
"Body Image Dissatisfaction: Responses Between Male and Female Exercisers and Non-Exercisers,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 9
, Article 1.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol9/iss3/1