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Abstract

Introduction: Aging leads to declines of functional fitness and regular exercise has been recognized to be beneficial for keeping health and preventing degenerative diseases in older adults. Limited evidences connect the relationships among detraining, functional fitness, immunosenescence, and vascular integrity in aged individuals. Thus, the aims of this study was to inspect: How training and detraining influence functional fitness, mobilization of circulating leukocytes and lymphocyte subsets? Method: Twenty-two female volunteers aged 50 to 65 years were recruited as participants in this study. Participants were assigned into training group (TG, n=13) and control group (CG, n=9). The participants in TG were asked to attend exercise program, including aerobic exercise at 70% HRR for 60 min twice per week and resistance training at 60-70% 1RM, 3 sets and 9 exercises for 60 min per week for 16 weeks and subsequently avoid exercise for 6 weeks to investigate detraining effects. CG were asked to stay in their regular lifestyles. A six-items measurement of functional fitness and resting (at fasting status) venous blood samples were collected at before training program (Pre-training), 8th week of training (Mid-training), after training program (Post-training), and 6th week of detraining 6 weeks (Detraining). Blood cell counts (WBC, RBC, HCT, LYM) were measured using an automated cell counter and lymphocyte subsets (CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56) were analyzed by flow cytometry. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistic, mixed two-factors (time × group) measures ANOVA or ACOVA and the significance was set at pResult: Functional fitness of TG was not significantly improved following the training program although it was significantly better than CG in Pre-training. Blood cell counts were not changed and all in normal range. A significant difference in CD19 counts were observed between TG and CG (71.23±32.05 vs. 116.45±67.95 103/mL) in Post-training. CD19 counts in TG were increased at Detraining compared with Mid-training and Post-training (138.08±50.22 vs. 74.92±31.20, 71.23±32.05 103/mL). No alterations in quantity and percentage of CD4, CD8, and CD56 were observed in this study. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that both a 16-week moderate exercise program and a 6-week detraining did not significantly change the functional fitness and lymphocyte subsets in postmenopausal females.

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