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Article Title

THE EFFECTS OF UTILIZING POSITIVE VERBAL CUES ON SELF ESTEEM LEVELS IN ATHLETES USING THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN.

Abstract

M. Clements & J. Simmons
Bethel University, St. Paul, MN

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to use a Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) to measure athlete’s self esteem levels. This will be done using positive verbal cues or lack of during an athlete’s performance of the Functional Movement Screening (FMS), followed by administration of the MBSRQ. The participant’s three MBSRQ scores will be compared and the data will be collected to determine if the presence of verbal incentives affects self-esteem levels and self-confidence. Methods: Thirty Bethel University students (ages 18-21), currently participating or having had participated in sport within the last five years. Subjects were recruited from Biokinetics classes. Subjects participated in a three week study. During the first week, subjects completed the MBSRQ for baseline. One week later, participants were randomly assigned into two groups, positive verbal feedback or no verbal feedback while performing a FMS followed by taking the MSBRQ again. Participants attended one final session one week later, performing a final FMS test and MSBRQ. Data was collected and the two groups were compared to measure if significance had been found. Results: An ANOVA test using SPSS software showed significance (p<.05) with raised self-esteem levels in conjunction with positive verbal cues by the final questionnaire. Appearance Evaluation; (p=0.056) Fitness Evaluation; (p=0.008) Fitness Orientation; (p=0.003) Health Evaluation; (p=0.017) Body Area Satisfaction; (p=0.056). Conclusion: The data indicates that the subjects’ self-esteem levels were significantly increased with positive verbal cues and decreased with the absence of verbal cues. These results call for further research on self-esteem levels in athletes, specifically athletes who are injured and participating in rehabilitation or returning to sport following an injury. Knowing how verbal cues impact an injured athlete's self-esteem will greatly impact rehab techniques and approaches.

NACSM Professional Sponsor: Seth Paradis

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