•  
  •  
 

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise expending 350 and 700 kcal of energy on postprandial triglyceride (Tg) and glucose responses following a high carbohydrate (CHO) meal. Methods: Non-active individuals (n=9 women/4 men; age=22.8±3.7 yrs; Ht=169±10.4 cm; Wt=75.7± 22.4 kg; BMI=26.1±5.8 kg/m2; VO2 max=34.1±6.9 ml/kg/min) completed three trials in a random order: 1) control trial, 2) single exercise session expending 350 kcal (EX350), and 3) single exercise session expending 700 kcal (EX700). Exercise consisted of treadmill walking at 60% VO2 max until 350 and 700 kcal of energy had been expended. The control session consisted of seated rest. The morning after each experimental session, a fasting (12hr) blood sample was collected followed by consumption of a high-CHO liquid meal (2.44 g/kg of fat free mass (CHO), 0.33 g/kg FFM fat, and 0.56 g/kg FFM protein. Blood was collected again at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 hrs post-meal and analyzed for (Tg) and glucose concentrations. The areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for both (Tg) and glucose concentrations. A repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine statistical significance (p<0.05). Results: Baseline glucose concentrations were not different between trials (p=0.71). Postprandial AUC for glucose concentrations were not different between trials (p=0.38). Baseline Tg concentrations were not altered with exercise (p=.94) of 350 kcal (102.7±77.1 mg/dl) or 700 kcal (112.2±80.6 mg/dl) when compared with rest (115.3±113.9 mg/dl). Postprandial Tg concentrations following rest (937.3± 928.4 mg/dl) were not altered (p=0.37) following exercise of 350 kcal (807.1±605.1 mg/dl) or 700 kcal (867.3±672.6). Conclusion: The glucose and Tg responses following a high-CHO meal were unaffected by a prior exercise session. These results are in contrast to previous investigations that have used high-fat test meals demonstrating that a single bout of exercise reduces the postprandial Tg response. Substantial inter-subject variability was seen in the postprandial Tg responses following exercise ranging from reductions of 27.4% to increments of 17.4%. This study was supported by Texas Woman’s University’s Research Enhancement Program.

Share

COinS
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.