Diabetes which is associated with impaired glycemic control, can damage macro and microvasculature, and impair vascular relaxation (i.e., endothelial dysfunction). The high thermal conductance of hot water will cause thermoregulatory adjustments that increase cardiac output, heart rate and stroke volume while reducing central venous pressure. This project tested the hypothesis that an acute bout of hot water hyperthermia will reduce arterial blood pressure during and following the exposure, but the response will be attenuated in obese type 2 diabetics. Eleven obese type 2 diabetics (T2D) (50.1 ± 12 y, 45 ± 7.1% fat mass, 7.5 ± 1.8% HbA1C) and nine similarly aged healthy controls (HC) (41.1 ± 13.7y; P=0.185, 33.4 ± 7.8% fat mass; P=0.009, 5.3 ± 0.4%, HbA1C; P=0.007) with similar resting blood pressures (T2D: 125 ± 27/ 77 ± 14, HC: 122 ± 14/ 81 ± 10, P>0.05) were assessed. Subjects underwent a whole body passive heated stress (1 hour resting in 39.4 ± 0.4°C water) followed by 1 hour post immersion sitting recovery under normal ambient temperatures. Both groups were similarly heat stressed (∆Tre, 1.4 ± 0.4°; ∆Tsk, 6.5 ± 0.8; and ∆HR from rest, 33.5 ± 8.3 bpm) at the end of hot water immersion. In comparison to pre-immersion values, there was no interactive effect for mean arterial blood pressure (MAP, time x group; P=0.145). In both groups MAP was reduced (Presults in similar hypotensive responses between groups. Thus, passive heat stress may offer a therapeutic benefit to both healthy and diabetic populations.
"Passive Hyperthermia Therapy Similarly Reduces Arterial Blood Pressure in Obese Type 2 Diabetic and Healthy Individuals,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 2
, Article 68.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss7/68