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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the acute effects of lower body dynamic (DYN) vs isometric (ISO) exercises on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), flexibility using the sit and reach, and cortisol (COR) and amylase (AMY) levels measured pre and post exercise with different variations of frequency and amplitude on a power plate in pre-hypertensive females. METHODS: Nine females (age: 23.8 ± 5.1 yrs) performed the ISO and DYN control sessions with the power plate off and ISO and DYN exercises with a combination of low frequency/high amplitude (LF/HA) and high frequency/low amplitude (HF/LA). A 5-min warm-up at 3.0 mph on the treadmill occurred before testing. DYN exercises were performed from standing position to 120° for squat, 90° for lunge, and 90° for squat for a total of four sets for one-min with metronome set at 40 bpm. ISO exercises were performed at the knee angles mentioned previously. Subjects had a 30 sec rest in-between sets. Blood pressure (BP) and HR were recorded using an automated BP cuff pre, post, post 15-min, and post 30-min. Flexibility was recorded after the warm-up and post testing. The passive drool collection method was used to collect saliva to observe the changes in COR and AMY for a total of 1mL for each session before the warm up and post-exercise. Vials were then placed in the freezer to await analysis. RESULTS: There was a significant condition*time interaction (p

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