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Abstract

Muscular deficiencies, imbalances, or incorrect mechanics in jumping and landing may result in significant knee ligament strain and increased risk for injury in athletes. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify possible associations between isokinetic knee flexion and extension strength and peak knee flexion and knee adduction landing angles during multiple jumping tasks. We hypothesized that males and females with greater quadriceps and hamstrings strength would land with greater peak knee flexion and less knee adduction. METHODS: After signing informed consent or adolescent assent forms approved by the committee for the protection of human subjects, eighteen participants (8 female; 10 male) volunteered for this project (24.4+8.7 y; 68.3+18.3 kg; 166.5+15.3 cm).The testing session began with anthropometric measurements of the subjects’ height, weight, and lean body mass. Following a standardized cycle warm-up, participants were outfitted with a lower-body marker set and 3D motion capture data were collected during two countermovement vertical jumps (CMVJ) and depth jumps from a small, 30-cm box (SBDJ) and large, 46-cm box (LBDJ). Isokinetic knee flexion-extension peak torques were then collected at 60˚/sec and 240˚/sec. Pearson correlation coefficients were computed between the peak flexion-extension torques at each angular velocity and peak right knee flexion and adduction landing angles. Alpha was set at a critical level of p

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