Obesity, a known risk factors for stroke, poses a great health risk for the African American community. Beliefs about health locus of control (HLOC) are predictive of many health behaviors related to both obesity and stroke prevention. Some have recommended targeting health interventions to individuals with internal HLOC, as they tend to be more amenable to changing health behaviors, but this can be exclusionary to African Americans, who tend to have higher levels of external locus of control. The present study is a pretest-posttest randomized control design examining the impact of a brief, CBT-based health management intervention developed for overweight and obese African American inpatients with primarily external HLOC recovering from TIA or ischemic stroke. Intervention participants with a predominately external HLOC demonstrated improvements in minutes per week spent exercising (M=73.87/ SD+ 29.23), daily servings of fruit (M=0.63/ SD+ 0.25) and daily servings of vegetable consumption (M=1.92/SD+ 0.93) at the four-week follow-up assessment. Significant improvements in tobacco cessation (t(19)=3.09, p>.01) and medication adherence (t(19)=2.63, p>.05) were also evidenced. The importance of designing a health intervention sensitive to the HLOC orientation of the population is highlighted and access to health resources is discussed as a possible mediator of the impact of HLOC on obesity-related health behavior.
Gilts, Chelsea; Hughes, Lisa; and Evans Hudnall, Gina
"Improving Secondary Stroke Prevention Among Underserved African Americans: Moving Beyond Health Attitudes,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 6
, Article 2.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol6/iss1/2