Purpose: Overweight and obesity is a prevalent chronic disorder in Mexican Americans, however, obesity-related behaviors and the role of gender remain unclear. This study examined gender difference in obesity-related health behaviors among Mexican Americans. Methods: A sample (n=1439) was drawn from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort, a prospective cohort sample of Mexican American adults aged 18 years and older living in a large and poor city along the Texas / Mexico border. The participants’ baseline demographic, behavioral, and clinical measures were used for this analysis. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were conducted to analyze the data. Results: The sample had a mean age of 48.06 ± 15.60 years, 67.06% female, 48.81% employed, 45.66% had less than high school education, 77.57% chose to complete survey in Spanish, and 31.65% had some type of public or private insurance. Females (57.82% vs. 47.08% males) were more likely to have a lower than high school education (p<.0001), while males were more likely to be employed (66.31% vs. 40.41%). About 88% males and 84% females were either overweight (25≤BMI<30) or obese (BMI≥30). Males (39.47% vs. 31.18%) were more likely overweight, while females (53.28% vs. 48.68% in males) were more likely obese. We also found poor health behaviors contributing to the high obesity prevalence. Females (18.98% vs. 11.11%) were more likely to adhere to U.S. fruit and vegetables guidelines of more than 5 portions, p=.0005, while males (36.42% vs. 27.94%) were more likely to adhere to U.S. physical activity guidelines of 150 minutes moderate to vigorous weekly, p=0.0013. Conclusions: There were significant gender differences in obesity-related behaviors in the Texas / Mexico Hispanic cohort. Interventions for this population need to take gender difference into consideration when designing appropriate behavior change strategies.
Wang, Jing; Reininger, Belinda M.; Cron, Stanley; Carroll, Deidra; and Fisher-Hoch, Susan P.
"Gender Difference in Obesity and Preventive Health Behaviors in A US-Mexico Border Hispanic Cohort,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings:
2, Article 35.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol6/iss2/35