Article Title



Many people claim that music enhances their exercise experience. To our knowledge, no studies have analyzed the effect of music genre on exercise performance and perceived effort. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of music genre on effort as well as perceived exertion while exercising. METHODS: Eighteen untrained individuals (7 male, 11 female), age 18-22 participated in this study. Participants performed two 25-minute exercise trials on a bicycle ergometer one week apart. Participants were randomized to a music genre (either hip-hop, country or classical) and to condition (music or no music) using a randomized crossover design. The first ten minutes of the exercise trial required the participants to maintain 60% of heart rate reserve. During the final 15 minutes, the participants were asked to cycle as if completing a time trial. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate (HR), and resistance were recorded for the first ten minutes, while the same three measures and total calories burned were recorded for the time trial. An ANOVA was used to determine differences between music genre. RESULTS: A t-test demonstrated no significant difference in RPE between music and no music (p=0.477). There was a significant difference between music genre for total caloric expenditure (F2,17=4.13, p=0.037) during the time trial. The results of the Tukey post-hoc showed a significant increase in caloric expenditure between country music and hip-hop music (p=.008). There were no differences in RPE (F2,17=1.45, p=0.265) and music preference (F2,17=3.21, p=0.069) across genre. CONCLUSION: Based on these results, exercise performance and perceived effort were similar with or without music. When examining the effects of music genre, listening to country music increased caloric expenditure when compared to hip-hop music. To better understand this relationship, future research should examine differences between music genres while exercising.

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