This study investigated outcomes of a college outdoor orientation program that utilized 3, 4, 5, and 12-day adventure based trips. Sense of community and sense of place were measured using a one-sample pre/post-test design (n = 118). Paired sample t-tests were implemented to explore differences and, in general, students reported significant changes following participation. Students demonstrated increases in the number of their friends, trusted individuals, and 6 of the 7 factorial components measuring sense of community and sense of place (p < .05). The importance of community and place is discussed, highlighting suggestions and implications for future consideration in outdoor orientation programming.
Austin, M. L.,
Ogle, D. H.,
& Mittelstaedt, R.
The Intersection of Community and Place in an Outdoor Orientation Program.
Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2(1).