Abstract

The surface evolution model based on geometric partial differential equation is used to numerically study the kinetics of dewetting and dynamic morphologies for the localized pinhole defect in the surface of the ultrathin solid film with the strongly anisotropic surface energy. Depending on parameters such as the initial depth and width of the pinole, the strength of the attractive substrate potential and the strength of the surface energy anisotropy, the pinhole may either extend to the substrate and thus rupture the film, or evolve to the quasiequilibrium shape while the rest of the film surface undergoes phase separation into a hill-and-valley structure followed by coarsening. Overhanging (non-graph) morphologies are possible for deep, narrow (slit-like) pinholes.

Disciplines

Applied Mechanics | Fluid Dynamics | Materials Science and Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Non-linear Dynamics | Numerical Analysis and Computation | Partial Differential Equations | Transport Phenomena