Americans have frequently used photographs and ephemera as part of their expressions of grief after the death of a family member, fraternal organization member, community member, or elected official. Funeral invitations and memorial cards were popular in the United States from mid-19th to early-20th centuries. Often when photographers were available, postmortems of the deceased, the deceased with family, the deceased with funeral attendees, burial sites, monuments, monuments with mourners, memorial flowers, and later family groups with portraits of deceased members provided lasting memorial tributes. Funeral home invoices and casket invoices provide relevant primary sources. Monument makers catalogs, invoices and mailings also provide evidence of the availability of professional tombstone craftsmen and companies.

Dan Ray Stone at his father Silas Jonathan Stone's Grave

Dan Ray Stone at his father Silas Jonathan Stone's Grave

Gerard Undertaking Business

Gerard Undertaking Business

Butler County, Kentucky, Hearse and James G. White

Butler County, Kentucky, Hearse and James G. White

Women Faculty of College Street Public School

Women Faculty of College Street Public School

Leslie Howell Memorial Card

Leslie Howell Memorial Card

Memorial Flowers

Memorial Flowers

G.A.R. & WAR Record of Woodford M. Houchin

G.A.R. & WAR Record of Woodford M. Houchin

Apotheosis of Abraham Lincoln and George Washington

Apotheosis of Abraham Lincoln and George Washington

Tobias James Ham Gravesite

Tobias James Ham Gravesite

Cecil Murray Elrod Memorial Card

Cecil Murray Elrod Memorial Card

John Allen Jones Funeral Notice

John Allen Jones Funeral Notice

R.C.P. Thomas Funeral at State Street Methodist Church

R.C.P. Thomas Funeral at State Street Methodist Church

Frankie Judy Funeral Notice

Frankie Judy Funeral Notice

Mrs. Cornelia V. Barkley Funeral Notice

Mrs. Cornelia V. Barkley Funeral Notice

James Hines Funeral Invitation

James Hines Funeral Invitation