International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 404-416, 2018. Chronic supplementation of L-carnitine and carbohydrate has been reported to increase L-carnitine content in skeletal muscle and have positive influences on exercise variables and performance. This study investigated the acute intake of L-carnitine and carbohydrate on the exercise parameters of cycling. A total of 10 males (27.0 ± 4 years) completed two exercise sessions consisting of 40 min of cycling at 65% of VO2peak, followed by cycling to exhaustion at 85% of VO2peak. L-carnitine or a placebo was consumed 3 hours prior to exercise, and beverages consisting of 94 g of carbohydrate were consumed at both 2 hours, and 30 minutes prior to exercise. Repeated measures ANOVAs were used to compare respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood lactate, and power output across experimental trials and time. A repeated measures t-test was used to analyze differences between conditions and time to exhaustion. RER was significantly lower (p=0.01) at baseline with L-carnitine ingestion (.83 ± .05) compared to the placebo ingestion (.86 ± .06). Blood lactate was significantly lower (p=0.02) after 10 minutes of cycling at 65% of VO2peak with ingestion of L-carnitine (35% change from baseline) compared to placebo ingestion (53% change from baseline). No differences were found for power output or time to exhaustion at 85% of VO2peak. Despite mentioned differences, acute intake of L-carnitine and carbohydrate does not appear to influence exercise parameters, likely due to a lack of sufficient change in the content of L-carnitine in skeletal muscle.
Burrus, Boe M.; Moscicki, Brian M.; Matthews, Tracey D.; and Paolone, Vincent J.
"The Effect of Acute L-carnitine and Carbohydrate Intake on Cycling Performance,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 11
2, Pages 404 - 416.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol11/iss2/7