International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 886-899, 2018. Medicine ball interval training (MBIT) has been found to be an effective exercise modality in fitness programs, yet the acute physiological responses to this type of this exercise in youth are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute cardiometabolic responses to MBIT in children. Fourteen children (mean age 10.1 ± 1.3 yr) were tested for peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) on a treadmill and subsequently (> 48 hours later) performed a progressive 10 min MBIT protocol of 5 exercises (EX): standing marches (EX1), alternating lunges (EX2), squat swings (EX3), chest passes (EX4) and double arm slams (EX5). A 2.3 kg medicine ball was used for all trials and each exercise was performed twice for 30 sec with a 30 sec rest interval between sets and exercises. Participants exercised while connected to a metabolic system and heart rate (HR) monitor. During the MBIT protocol, mean HR significantly (p<0.05, η2= 0.89) increased from 121.5 ± 12.3 bpm during EX1 to 178.3 ± 9.4 bpm during EX5 and mean VO2 significantly (p<0.05, η2= 0.88) increased from 15.5 ± 2.9 ml ×kg-1×min-1during EX1 to 34.9 ± 5.1 ml ×kg-1×min-1during EX5. Mean HR and VO2values during MBIT ranged from 61.1% to 89.6% of HRpeak and from 28.2% to 63.5% of VO2peak. These descriptive data indicate that MBIT can pose a moderate to vigorous cardiometabolic stimulus in children.
Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Kang, Jie; Ratamess, Nicholas A.; Farrell, Anne C.; Ellis, Nicole; Vought, Ira; and Bush, Jill
"Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Medicine Ball Interval Training in Children,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 11
4, Pages 886 - 899.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol11/iss4/16