International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 1574-1582, 2020. Surfing is a worldwide sport that often requires participants to wear a wetsuit to assist in thermoregulation. In a recent study, forearm skin temperature decreased by approximately 3 °C while wearing a wetsuit during recreational surfing. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that reducing water flow in and out of the wetsuit by cuffing the wetsuit at the wrist, with a novel cuff closure system (Velcro cuff), would result in greater forearm skin temperature while surfing. One hundred and twelve (94 male, 18 female) recreational surfers between the ages of 18-50 participated in this study. Forearm skin temperature was measured at 1-minute intervals across the surf session in both arms with four wireless iButton thermal sensors located two inches from the styloid process (wrist) and olecranon process (elbow). Following instrumentation, all subjects had one of their wrists randomly cuffed with a one-inch wide Velcro cuff that was tightened to 2 cm less than the circumference of the wrist plus wetsuit. Subjects were then instructed to engage in regular recreational surfing activities for a minimum of 30 minutes at seven beaches in North San Diego County from October to April. No significant differences were found between the average cuffed wrist skin temperature and the average uncuffed wrist skin temperature (p = 0.06). However, average cuffed forearm skin temperature was significantly higher than average uncuffed forearm skin temperature (p = 0.01). Results from this study suggest that cuffing the wrist of wetsuits is a simple technique that can be utilized by surfers to significantly improve forearm skin temperature during surfing. These findings may also have an implication on future wetsuit designs.
Kellogg, Daniel; Wiles, Tyler; Nessler, Jeff A.; and Newcomer, Sean C.
"Impact of Velcro Cuff Closure on Forearm Skin Temperature In Surfers Wearing a 2mm and 3mm Wetsuit,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
6, Pages 1574 - 1582.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss6/19