International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1770-1782, 2020. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that a novel high-repetition, low-resistance back squat training protocol, designed to stimulate high-intensity interval training, improves 5-km run performance. Fifteen runners [4 male, 11 female; 150 + minutes of endurance exercise/week; age = 22.7 ± 2.0 y; 21.5 ± 2.2 kg/m2 BMI] in this single-group test-retest design completed two weeks of back squats consisting of three sets of 15-24 repetitions at 60% of estimated one-repetition max (1RM), three times per week (1-2 days of rest between sessions). Outcome tests included a 5-km outdoor timed run, laboratory indirect calorimetry to quantify substrate oxidation rates during steady-state submaximal exercise (60% and 70% heart rate max (HRmax)), and estimated 1RM for back squats. Back squat estimated 1RM increased by 20% (58.3 ± 18.5 to 70.2 ± 16.7 kg, P < 0.001). However, 5-km run times due to the back squat protocol did not significantly change (Pre-Squats: 23.9 ± 5.0 vs. Post-Squats: 23.7 ± 4.3 minutes, P = 0.71). Likewise, the squat training program did not significantly alter carbohydrate or lipid oxidation rates during steady-state submaximal exercise at 60% or 70% of HRmax (P values ranged from 0.36 - 0.99). Short term high-repetition back squat training does not appear to impact 5-km run performance or substrate utilization during submaximal exercise.
Barenie, Matthew J.; Domenick, Jordan T.; Bennett, Jason E.; Schweitzer, George G.; Shetty, Paulina; and Weiss, Edward P.
"Short Term High-Repetition Back Squat Protocol Does Not Improve 5-km Run Performance,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
7, Pages 1770 - 1782.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss7/10