International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1705-1717, 2020. An equation that uses heart rate index (HRI) defined as HR/HRrest to predict oxygen uptake (VO2) in METs (e.g., METs = 6 × HRI ‒ 5) has been developed retrospectively from aggregate data of 60 published studies. However, the prediction error of this model as used by an individual has not been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the predictive validity of the HRI equation by comparing submaximal and maximal VO2 predicted by the equation (VO2-Pred) with that measured by indirect calorimetry (VO2-Meas). Sixty healthy adults (age 20.5 ± 2.4 yr., body mass 69.4 ± 13.4 kg, height 1.7 ± 0.1 m) underwent a VO2max test and an experimental trial consisting of a 15-min resting measurement and three successive 10-min treadmill exercise bouts performed at 40%, 60% and 80% of VO2max. VO2 and HR were recorded during both the submaximal and maximal exercises and used to obtain VO2-Pred and VO2-Meas for each intensity and for VO2max. Validation was carried out by paired t-test, regression analysis, and Bland-Altman plots. A modest but significant (p < 0.05) correlation was observed between VO2-Meas and VO2-Pred at 40% (r = 0.58), 60% (r = 0.53), and 80% of VO2max (r = 0.56) and at VO2max (r = 0.50). No differences between VO2-Pred and VO2-Meas were found at 40% (5.53 ± 1.21 vs. 5.28 ± 0.98 METs, respectively) of VO2max, but VO2-Pred was higher (p < 0.05) than VO2-Meas at 60% (8.42 ± 1.77 vs. 7.96 ± 1.39 METs, respectively) and 80% (10.79 ± 2.13 vs. 10.29 ± 1.81 METs, respectively) of VO2max. In contrast, VO2-Pred was lower (p < 0.05) than VO2-Meas at VO2max (12.32 ± 2.30 vs. 13.38 ± 2.24 METs, respectively). Standard errors of the estimate were 0.81, 1.20, 1.54, and 1.97 METs at 40%, 60%, 80% of VO2max and at VO2max, respectively. These results suggest that further investigation aimed to establish the accuracy of using HRI to predict VO2 is warranted.
Kang, Jie; Ratamess, Nicholas A.; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Bush-Wallace, Jill A.; Roser, Christopher; Montemarano, Devyn; Mercado, Hannah; Choma, Morgan; Mendez, Christian; and Pollock, Matthew
"Use of Heart Rate Index to Predict Oxygen Uptake – A Validation Study,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
7, Pages 1705 - 1717.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss7/9