International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 633-643, 2021. Sex differences and heavy load carriage may contribute to the high rate of musculoskeletal injury in military recruits, particularly within the female population. Thus, the purposes of this study were to determine if load influenced landing quality differently in females compared to males and if load carried per kg body mass was associated to quality of landing. Twenty-eight participants were recruited for this study (males: n = 14; females: n = 14). Participants were grouped by sex. All twenty-eight participants performed three drop-jumps (DJ) under unloaded and loaded conditions. The loaded condition included a combat helmet, tactical vest, and rucksack (22 kg). Two cameras recorded in the frontal and sagittal directions during the three DJ trials. DJ trials were scored using the LESS. There was no significant difference in LESS difference scores between males and females, t(26) = -1.014, p = 0.320, 95% CI = -2.01 to 0.68. Load carried per kg body mass (rs= 0.401, p = 0.034) was significantly correlated to LESS rank order. The results suggest load does not significantly alter landing quality as measured by the LESS. However, participant body mass and load per kg of body may play a role in a person’s ability to adapt to heavy loads.
Thomas, Jacob M.; Kollock, Roger O.; Hale, William D.; Long, Alex; Bont, August; Dawes, Jay; and Sanders, Gabe
"Effects of Sex and Load Carried per Kilogram of Body Mass on Landing Technique,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 14
1, Pages 633 - 643.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol14/iss1/14