International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 202-210, 2021. The present study aimed to compare the activation of the lower lumbar erector spinae, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, and rectus femoris in two trunk positions (straight, and inclined) during three lunge exercises (static, step-forwarding, and walking) in trained young women in a randomized crossover design. Twelve women (24 ± 3 years) were selected and performed the lunge exercise with an overload of 30% of body weight in six conditions to analyze muscle activation via surface electromyography signals. Higher activation in the erector spinae (%MVIC) were observed (p < 0.05) when trunk position was inclined (straight = 20 ± 15, inclined = 40 ± 29) and during the walking lunge condition (static = 24 ± 16, forward = 26 ± 22, walking = 40 ± 33). Higher activation in the gluteus maximus was observed during step-forward and walking lunges conditions (static = 31 ± 12, forward = 54 ± 20, walking = 58 ± 30). All conditions displayed similar activations in the biceps femoris and rectus femoris (p > 0.05). Results indicate that positioning the trunk in a forward-inclined position induces greater lower lumbar erector spinae activation and dynamic lunge variations elicit greater muscular activation in the gluteus maximus than static lunges. Additionally, it seems that trunk and exercise variations do not influence the activation of tight muscles.
Bezerra, Ewertton de Souza; Diefenthaeler, Fernando; Nunes, João Pedro; Sakugawa, Raphael Luiz; Heberle, Isabel; Moura, Bruno M.; Moro, Antônio R. P.; Marcolin, Giuseppe; and Paoli, Antonio
"Influence of Trunk Position during Three Lunge Exercises on Muscular Activation in Trained Women,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 14
1, Pages 202 - 210.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol14/iss1/4