International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 313-329, 2022. Social distancing, during previous epidemics, has been shown to lead to poor mental health outcomes and reduced physical activity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between self-reported psychological state and physical activity behaviors of individuals under social distancing policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. 199 individuals (29.85 ± 10.22 yrs) in the United States who had been in social distancing for 2-4 weeks participated in this study. Participants answered a questionnaire regarding feelings of loneliness, depression, anxiety, mood state, and physical activity. 66.8% of participants had depressive symptoms and 72.8% had symptoms of anxiety. Loneliness was correlated with depression (r = 0.66), trait anxiety (r = 0.36), fatigue (r = 0.38), confusion (r = 0.39), and total mood disturbance (TMD; r = 0.62). Participation in total physical activity was negatively associated with depressive symptoms (r = -0.16) and TMD (r = -0.16). State anxiety was positively associated with participation in total physical activity (r = 0.22). In addition, a binomial logistic regression was performed to predict participation in sufficient physical activity. The model explained 45% of the variance in physical activity participation and correctly categorized 77% of cases. Individuals with higher vigor scores had an increased likelihood of participating in sufficient physical activity. Loneliness was associated with negative psychological mood state. Individuals with higher feelings of loneliness, depressive symptoms, trait anxiety, and negative mood state were observed to spend less time engaged in physical activity. Higher state anxiety was positively associated with engagement in physical activity.
Chesbro, Grant A.; Peterson, Jessica A.; Black, Christopher D.; Larson, Daniel; and Larson, Rebecca
"Social Distancing, Psychological Mood and Physical Activity Behavior During COVID-19 in the United States,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
5, Pages 313 - 329.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss5/4