Dimitrije Cabarkapa1, Darko Krsman2, Nicolas Philipp1, Damjana Cabarkapa1, & Andrew Fry1

1Jawhawk Athletic Performance Laboratory – Wu Tsai Human Performance Alliance, Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 2International Strength and Conditioning Institute, Novi Sad, Serbia

After recently becoming an official Olympic sport, 3x3 basketball has gained in popularity worldwide. Although it has much in common with traditional 5x5 basketball, there are some fundamental differences in game rules and regulations such as smaller court size, fewer players, single basket, and 12-sec shot clock. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to examine differences in sprint performance characteristics between 3x3 and 5x5 basketball players. METHODS: Upon arrival to the gym, 10 3x3 (hgt= 193.6±3.9 cm; wgt=100.8±6.6 kg; age= 23.5±4.8 yrs) and 11 5x5 (hgt= 195.5±4.1 cm; wgt=98.8±9.0 kg; age= 24.3±4.7 yrs) professional male basketball players performed a standardized dynamic warm-up followed by 3 10 m sprints. The athletes were instructed to sprint as fast as possible through a set of cones positioned at the 10 m mark and then rapidly decelerate, come to a full stop, and backpedal to the 10 m mark. A radar device (Stalker ATS II, Applied Concepts Inc., Dallas, TX) sampling at 47 Hz was positioned 5 m behind the start line, from which the following performance metrics were derived: maximal velocity (MV), average acceleration (AA), maximal acceleration (MA), average deceleration (AD), maximal deceleration (MD), and time to stop (TTS). Independent

t-tests were used to examine between-groups statistically significant differences in each dependent variable (p<0.05) and Hedge’s g the effect size magnitude. RESULTS: Significantly greater AD and MD were observed for 5x5 when compared to 3x3 basketball players, alongside shorter TTS. No significant differences between the two groups were observed in MV, AA, and MA (Table 1). CONCLUSION: While demonstrating similar sprint acceleration capabilities, the findings of the present study reveal notable differences in deceleration performance, with 5x5 basketball players displaying superior values. This observation may be largely attributed to the sport-specific differences in the number of players on the court during a game. After accelerating, 5x5 basketball players are required to alter the movement pattern within a much smaller area due to the presence of two additional defenders.

Table 1.docx (13 kB)
Table 1

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