Morgan E. Dickey1, Brooklyn R. Pilgreen1, Ryan M. Thiele2, & Eric C. Conchola1

1University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma; 2Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

The American College of Sports Medicine suggests moderate to vigorous intensity exercise for a minimum of 30 minutes, three times a week. These proposed guidelines may promote an individual’s overall body fat percentage to be categorized as fair to good. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess training status (sedentary, resistance trained, aerobically trained) and its impacts on body fat percentage. METHODS: Training status was defined as the following, resistance trained (RT)– engaged in a structured weight program that involved the lower body (including the free-weight back squat exercise) for a minimum of at least 6 months. Aerobic trained (AT) participated in aerobic exercise a minimum of three times per week, a minimum of 30 minutes at a moderate to vigorous intensity, for the past three months. Sedentary (SED), did not participate in any form of structured exercise. Twelve RT females (age= 21.42±1.08 years, height 166.67cm±7.48 cm, mass 71.75kg±10.69kg) had a body fat percentage of 21.87±6.01%, seven AT females (age= 24±7.21 years, height 161.79 cm±7.16cm, mass 60.27kg±8.67kg) had a body fat percentage of 19.81±7.12%, and twenty SED females (age= 21.25±1.45 years, height 156.14cm±33.74cm, mass 70.68 kg±8.63 kg) had a body fat percentage of 27.24±5.28%. Body fat (%) was determined by a three-site skinfold (triceps, hip, and thigh done only on the right side of the body) assessments were performed by an experienced individual. Independent sample T-Tests were used to assess body fat percentage differences between the groups. An alpha of 0.05 was used for level of significance. RESULTS: The present findings observed significantly lower BF% for AT and RT participants compared to sedentary participants (P = 0.007-0.016), there were no BF% differences between AT and RT females (P = 0.529) CONCLUSION: The aim of the present study was to determine the utility of general exercise recommendations on and individual’s overall body fat percentage. The present findings suggest that exercising, whether aerobic or anaerobically, a minimum of three times a week, for a minimum of 30 minutes at moderate to vigorous intensity can be beneficial at keeping individuals body fat percentage categorized as fair or better than lower BF% classifications.

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