Andrew C. Fry1, Mary D. Fry1, Adam J. Sterczala1, Loren Z.F. Chiu2, Brian K. Schilling3 & Lawrence W. Weiss3.

1University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 2University of Alberta, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 3University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee

Overtraining resulting in long-term performance decrements due to high intensity resistance exercise is associated with changes in daily training questionnaires (Fry et al. 1994, 2006). A lesser form of overtraining that can be part of a planned training program is called over-reaching (OR) and results in performance decrements lasting just a few days to a few weeks. PURPOSE: To determine if a daily training questionnaire can determine the onset of over-reaching due to high power resistance exercise. METHODS: As part of a larger study on dietary supplementation, weight trained males (n=17; X±SD; age=22.8±3.3 yrs) were divided into OR+supplement (SUP; n=8), OR+placebo (PL; n=3), or control (CON; n=6) groups. Both OR groups performed 15 training sessions over 7.5 days, performing 10 x 5 speed squats at 70% BW+1 repetition maximum (RM) each session. Each training and testing session included a questionnaire (Fry et al. 2000) to determine perceptions of soreness, joint discomfort, and motivation to exercise. An abridged version of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) survey instrument was also administered (Myers & Whelan 1998), as well as a questionnaire to determine sleep patterns and other training related variables. RESULTS: Vol.-load (reps x wgt) for the OR groups was >28-fold greater than for CON during the OR phase (both OR groups > 146.103 kg; Con=5.1.103 kg). Overreaching occurred for both SUP & PL groups as indicated by lower bar velocity at 70% 1 RM at post OR, but was recovered after 1 week. Both OR groups decreased perceptions of recovery >45% during the 15 training sessions (p22% less desire to train during the first 8 training sessions compared to the S group (p.05). No measure from the abridged POMS sig. changed (p>.05). CONCLUSIONS: Use of a previously validated overtraining questionnaire appears to be valid for monitoring resistance exercise overreaching as well.

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