Article Title



Kelly D. BarnsƗ1, Jason D. Wagganerǂ1, Anthony J. Faberǂ1, and Thomas J. Pujolǂ1, FACSM. 1Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau, MO.

iCan Bike, a subdivision of the iCan Shine organization, started in 2007 and serves a variety of individuals with special needs and/or disabilities, with the primary objective of learning to ride a typical two wheeled bicycle. Each iCan Bike camp consists of one 75-minute session per day, totaling 375 minutes for the week. To date very few, if any, studies have assessed the effects learning a new skill (i.e., learning a bicycle) have on self-esteem or competency, especially in individuals with special needs and/or disabilities. PURPOSE: To assess the perceived self-esteem and competency scores measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Pearlin Mastery Scale (PMS) of participants in an iCan Bike camp. The recorded results were the guardian’s perceived perception of their participant’s self-esteem and competency. METHODS: Questionnaires containing the RSES (10 questions) and PMS (7 questions) were completed by the guardian of participants in the iCan Bike camp. A paired samples t test was conducted to compare pre- vs. post-camp scores using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) (v23.0, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.) RESULTS: The iCan Bike sample consisted of 156 participants with 64.7% (n=101) males and 35.3% (n=55) females. A total of 63.5% of participants learned to independently ride a bicycle. Based upon questionnaire responses (i.e., guardians), a significant increase was observed for the PMS from pre- (23.04+4.56) vs. post-camp (25.25+4.83) [t(155) = -4.41, pCONCLUSIONS: Guardians indicated a significant increase in their participant’s competence but not self-esteem after attending an iCan Bike camp. The success rate of this study (63.5%) was lower than the iCan Bike’s advertised rate of 80%, which may be a primary reason for the lack of change in self-esteem scores. Overall, more research needs to be completed on individuals with special needs and/or disabilities and the effects of gaining new skills on self-esteem and competency.

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