THE EFFECT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCHING ON VERTICAL JUMP AND AGILITY PERFORMANCE
College of St. Benedict, St. Joseph, MN
Static and dynamic stretching are often used to help prepare for sport or activity. However, research examining the effect that different stretching protocols have on agility and vertical jump performance remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of static and dynamic stretching protocols on countermovement jump (CMJ) and Illinois Agility Test (IAT) times. 9 recreationally active males between ages 18-22 (178.76 SD=2.74 cm, 75.74 SD=16.32 kg, 9.62% SD=4.81% body fat) completed this study. Participants began each session with a 400m jog, then performed one of three stretching protocols. The stretching protocol for each session was chosen in a randomized order. Following the completion of the stretching protocol, subjects completed three CMJs, then completed the IAT 3 times. The best of the three trials for CMJ and IAT was used for data analysis. Mean IAT times were 16.72s (SD=1.28), 16.53s (SD=.95), and 16.43s (SD=.88) for the control, static, and dynamic stretching protocols respectively. CMJ heights were 65.12cm (SD=16.32), 64.56cm (SD=7.74), and 65.02cm (SD=8.71) for the control, static, and dynamic stretching protocols respectively. A one way repeated measures ANOVA was used to test the data for significance. No significant differences were found within subjects for IAT (F (2,16) = 2.31, p = .13) or CMJ (F (2,16) = .14, p = .875). The lack of difference between treatments may have been due to too much time immediately following protocols, therefore negating any benefit that would result from the stretching protocol. While no significant differences were found between IAT and CMJ performance with different stretching protocols, this does not necessarily mean stretching protocols are equally advantageous for jump and agility performance. Further research is needed to understand the benefits of different stretching protocols on agility and vertical jump performance. Research examining power and agility performance immediately following stretching protocols, or stretching protocols with stretches held for longer durations may yield different results.
NACSM Professional Sponsor: Mary Stenson
"THE EFFECT OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCHING ON VERTICAL JUMP AND AGILITY PERFORMANCE,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 12:
1, Article 46.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol12/iss1/46