PURPOSE: There is robust evidence presenting higher incidences of hypertension experienced by the African American (AA) population when compared with matched cohorts. Exercise has been shown to reduce the prevalence of hypertension, however, the cardiovascular recovery of exercise is associated with mortality. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the cardiovascular recovery between AAs, Hispanics (HSPs), and Caucasians (CAs). METHODS: VO2max was measured by indirect calorimetry. Body composition was measured by air displacement plethysmography (BODPOD). Brachial blood pressures were captured by automated cuff before exercise, immediately after exercise, and every 2 minutes following exercise for a total of 15 minutes in a supine position. RESULTS: 15 healthy volunteers (n=5 AA, n=5 HSP, n=5 CA) participated in the study. Participants were matched for age and all body composition measures (p>0.05 for all). No statistical effects of time were observed within-groups (p>0.05) or between-groups (p>0.05) for systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures. However, the AA maintained “elevated” SBP throughout the recovery phase. The HSP group maintained “elevated” SBP up to 10 minutes following the cessation of exercise. The CA cohort returned to “healthy” SBP within 2 minutes following VO2max. CONCLUSION: Young AA and HSP individuals may show varying recovery from VO2max when compared to CAs. These results need to be confirmed by a larger sample.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.