As the guidelines regarding COVID-19 regressed, many fitness centers established regulations requiring mask-wearing during exercise. Data suggest that the impact of a mask during exercise has minimal effects on exercise hemodynamics. The post-exercise period has been described as a window of opportunity to lower blood pressure, a phenomenon called post-exercise hypotension. The impact of wearing a mask on post-exercise hemodynamics is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of mask-wearing on post-exercise hemodynamics. METHODS: Nine total participants aged 18-30 yr were recruited for this experimental cross-over study. This within-subject design involved six randomized conditions; control no mask, no exercise (CON-NE), control-surgical mask, no exercise (CON-SUR), control-exercise, no mask (CON-E), exercise surgical mask (EXS-SUR), exercise N95 mask (EXS-N95), and exercise cloth mask (EXS-CL). The exercise protocol was a HIIT 4 x 4 on a cycle ergometer. Participants exercised at 85% of VO2max for four minutes, followed by a three-minute rest period, repeated four times. Measurements of cardiac output (Q), stroke volume (SV), heart rate (HR), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and brachial blood pressure (BP) were measured pre-exercise for 20-min, during exercise, and post-exercise for 60-min. RESULTS: Post-exercise data revealed no statistical differences in systolic BP or diastolic BP compared to the CON-E condition (both p > 0.05). HR was significantly lower (roughly 4-5 ± 1.8 bpm p < 0.01) in the CON-E group compared to all exercise mask-wearing groups following exercise. Additionally, SV (p<0.001) and Q (p=0.002) were significantly lower in the EXS-N95 group compared to the other exercise groups. CONCLUSION: This study is consistent with current literature in suggesting that mask-wearing during exercise, even at high intensity, has no effect physiologically on post-exercise hemodynamics.
Price, Payton; Zeigler, Zachary; Acevedo, Anthony; Heikka, Lucas; West, Adarius; Nowlen, Malia; Emelife, Justin; Harman, Sofia; and larson, Ruthie
"Impact of Mask Wearing on Post Exercise Hemodynamics,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 14:
2, Article 165.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol14/iss2/165