As the guidelines regarding the COVID-19 pandemic regressed, allowing the re-opening of health centers, many established regulations required mask-wearing during exercise to limit transmission of the virus. Current literature suggests that the impact of a mask during exercise has minimal effects on exercise hemodynamics. However, limited data exists measuring blood pressure, cardiac output, and systemic vascular resistance during high-intensity exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of mask-wearing on exercise hemodynamics. METHODS: Nine total participants aged 18-30 yr were recruited for this experimental cross-over study. This within subject design involved six randomized conditions; control no mask, no exercise (CON-NE), control-surgical mask, no exercise (CON-SUR), control-exercise, no mask (CON-E), exercise surgical mask (EXS-SUR), exercise N95 mask (EXS-N95), and exercise cloth mask (EXS-CL). The exercise protocol used was a HIIT 4 x 3 on a cycle ergometer. Participants exercised at 85% of VO2max for 4 minutes followed by a 3-minute rest period, repeated 4 times. Measurements of cardiac output (Q), stroke volume (SV), heart rate (HR), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and brachial/central blood pressure (BP) was measured during exercise. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between any exercise group on outcomes of HR ( CON-E: 172 ± 11, EXS-SUR: 171 ± 13, EXS-CL: 178 ± 9, EXS-N95: 177 ± 10, P=0.564), SBP (CON-E: 160 ± 26, EXS-SUR: 160 ± 23, EXS-CL: 166 ± 24, EXS-N95: 157 ± 22, P=0.913), DBP (CON-E: 70 ± 13, EXS-SUR: 69 ± 9, EXS-CL: 67 ± 11, EXS-N95: 75 ± 7, P=0.986), SV (CON-E: 102 ± 43, EXS-SUR: 85 ± 48, EXS-CL: 107 ± 44, EXS-N95: 100 ± 42, P=0.073), or SVR (CON-E: 1942 ± 4425, EXS-SUR: 3175 ± 6486, EXS-CL: 1270 ± 2601, EXS-N95: 1311 ± 4034, P=0.123). CONCLUSION: This study is consistent with current literature in suggesting that mask-wearing during exercise, even at high intensity has no effect physiologically during exercise.
Heikka, Luke; Price, Payton; Nowlen, Malia; Guenette, Ryan; Larson, Ruthie; West, Adarius; Emelife, Justin; Burton, Sara; Harman, Sofia; Acevedo, Tony; and Zeigler, Zachary
"Impact of mask-wearing during high-intensity interval training on exercise hemodynamics,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 14:
2, Article 38.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol14/iss2/38