EFFECTS OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE ON MAXIMAL POWER OUTPUT IN BASKETBALL
Mackenzie Yoder, Madisyn Williams, Hannah Young, Heath Burton. Anderson University, Anderson, SC.
BACKGROUND: The menstrual cycle is known to have a multitude of impacts on women, and more specifically, female athletes. Two variables that could be affected by the different stages of the menstrual cycle (menstruation, follicular phase, ovulation, and luteal phase) are power and velocity. Power is the measure of how quickly an athlete can produce the force to move the loaded barbell and velocity is how quickly the barbell traveled from beginning to end of the rep. METHODS: The Anderson University men’s (15 athletes) and women’s (14) basketball teams will test once a week for a multitude of weeks. During this test, they complete three repetitions of back squat as quickly as they could. Their peak and average Power (W/lbs.) and velocity (m/s) will be recorded using the GymAware tensiometer attached to the barbell. The women will squat with 65 pounds and men, 95 pounds. Before testing, each female will complete a one-time menstrual cycle history questionnaire, then complete a weekly readiness survey that included questions regarding the phase of their cycle, while the men just complete a weekly readiness survey. RESULTS: It is hypothesized that the men’s average power outputs will steadily increase with time, whereas women’s average power will decrease during the menses phase of the menstrual cycle.
Yoder, M; Williams, M; Young, H; and Burton, H
"EFFECTS OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE ON MAXIMAL POWER OUTPUT IN BASKETBALL,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 16:
2, Article 115.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol16/iss2/115