Sleep disturbances from stress are common among college students and may provoke cognitive and brain changes associated with gait abnormalities. PURPOSE: to examine the association between stress, sleep disturbances and gait performance among college students . METHODS: College students were asked to perform gait analysis with an in-shoe pressure measurement system (F-Scan, Tekscan, South Boston, MA) before and after the midterm exam. Cadence, step time, stride time, stance time and swing time were measured for both dominant and non-dominant foot. Meanwhile, 14-days consecutive wrist actigraphy data and three sets of questionnaires were collected to access their stress, sleep and fatigue. RESULTS: A total of 14 (5 males and 9 females, age: 24.43 ± 3.98 years old) college students participated this study. Significant differences of step time (0.62 ± 0.13 seconds vs. 0.75 ± 0.26 seconds, p=0.04) on the non-dominant foot were observed before and after the midterm exam. During the exam week, stress level was positively associated with sleep disturbances. Moderate stress and about 2-3 nights of sleep disturbances were reported during the exam week. CONCLUSION: Gait abnormalities (e.g., step time) were observed for college students when sleep disturbances were reported along with elevated stress.
Bridgeman, Tara; Hu, Yang; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Chou, Shih-Feng; Lee, Shih Yu "Sylvia"; and Dong, Xuanliang
"Effect of Sleep Disturbances on Gait Performance among College Students: a Piot Study,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 2:
11, Article 127.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss11/127