Dew point (dp) is the absolute measure of water vapor and directly affects comfort whereas 5-10℃ feels dry; 10-15℃ feels comfortable and 20-24℃ feels uncomfortable. PURPOSE: This project tested the hypothesis that exercise in hot ambient conditions with a high dp (>20℃) would affect the selection of self-paced exercise compared to neutral dry conditions (dp). METHODS: Six healthy active (7 day activity: 9826±3900 steps/day; VO2max: 52±10 mL/kg/min ) subjects (4M/2F, 25±9y, 171±6cm, 69±7kg) completed a 30 min baseline rest then 60 min of exercise intensity they chose that represents their perceived exertion of 12 (between light and somewhat hard) on a 20-point rating of perceived exertion scale while blinded to the ergometer watts in a hot dry (42.3±0.3℃; 10.4±0.4%Rh; 4.8±0.7℃ dp) condition that progressively increased (6℃ dp increase every 10 minutes) to a high dp (42.5±0.0℃; 62.2±5.3%Rh; 33.9±1.5℃ dp) and control neutral dry (22.9±1.0℃; 11.5±1.9%Rh; -8±2.5℃ dp) condition in random order separated by at least 7 days. Heart rate (HR), intestinal (Tin) and mean skin temperature (Tsk), forearm skin blood flow (Skbf) and local sweat rate (Sr), exercise intensity (watts), and thermal comfort scale were measured every 10 minutes. A 2-way repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine interaction and main effects for condition x time and linear regression analysis examined the change (%∆) in initial exercise intensity with %∆ of resting HR, Tin, Tsk, Sr, and Skbf. RESULTS: Resting HR (18±17%∆bpm), Tsk (14±14%∆℃), Skbf (615±182%∆PU), Sr (368±118%∆mg·min·cm2) increased in hot compared to neutral condition (P≤0.03) while Tin was maintained (P=0.45). During exercise in hot low to high dp, HR, Tin, Tsk, and Sr increased further from 30-60 min compared to the neutral low dp condition (Time x Condition interaction, P≤0.04) whereas Tsk was elevated from 0-60 min in the hot condition (main effect condition, PPP≤0.006) by 37±26%at 60 min compared to the neutral dry condition. Only resting Tsk was strongly correlated (r=-.76, PPCONCLUSION:Initial elevated skin temperature is strongly associated with the selection of self-paced exercise while during exercise elevated dew point further reduce the selection of exercise intensity.
Salvador, Paolo Miguel; Kilpatrick, Julianna; Allie, Kyleigh; and Rivas, Eric
"Skin Temperature and High Dew Point in Hot Environments Affects Self-Paced Exercise,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 2
, Article 46.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol2/iss11/46