Subjective muscular force production is a commonly used psychophysiological method in resistance training and physical rehabilitation. However, limited research is available regarding whether differences exist in match-force production accuracy between male and female adults. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the gender differences in perceived force production accuracy following participation in a strength training course. METHODS: Participants (20 males, 26 females) were sampled from an undergraduate strength training course. Using a hand-grip dynamometer, maximal and incremental force production measurements were collected with the participants in a seated position with their dominant forearm resting on a table. Participants were asked to produce a maximal force on the hand-grip dynamometer followed by two sets of incremental force measures at 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of maximal effort with adequate rest in between bouts. Incremental hand-grip measurements were repeated following a 3-, 6-, or 12-week strength training course. A linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between gender and hand-grip force error for the increments of force. RESULTS: Results indicated that the most variance in error was at the submaximal muscular force production of 25%, whereas the most accurate increment was at 100%, regardless of duration (3-, 6-, or 12-weeks) of participation in the strength training course (r2 = 0.046, p < 0.001). For increments of lower exertion (i.e., 25% and 50%), there was no significant differences between male and female participants. However, for higher incremental force exertion (i.e., 75% and 100%), approximately 23% of variance (r2 = 0.230, p < 0.001) and 32% of variance (r2 = 0.322, p < 0.001) in force production accuracy, respectively, can be accounted for by gender. CONCLUSION: Following exposure to strength training instruction, physically active female adults are more accurate in force production at incremental exertion levels (i.e., 25%, 50%, 75% of maximal force), whereas males have greater match-force accuracy at 100% of maximal force production.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.