Off-season football player interaction with athletic personnel is limited and may result in the athletes’ diets not meeting current ACSM guidelines for macronutrient intake or recommendations for key micronutrients, having a negative impact on performance and health. Purpose: To examine the dietary intake of NCAA Division IA football players during the summer off-season to determine if ACSM nutrition guidelines were being met. Methods: Fifty-nine NCAA Division IA football players (20 ± 2 yrs, 186.7 ± 6.4 cm, 102.9 ± 18.5 kg) completed a 24 hour dietary recall administered by a Registered Dietitian. Recalls were obtained during the summer off-season when players were not required to participate in scheduled practice or conditioning workouts. Diets were analyzed for nutrient content using Nutribase 8.0 software. Acceptable intake of micronutrients defined as > 75% Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). Results: All players met (22%) or exceeded (78%) the recommendation for % calories from fat. Carbohydrate intake was not met by 54 players (92%), while 42 (71%) met or exceeded guidelines for protein intake. Results of selected micronutrient analyses are shown in the table.

Micronutrients Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Biotin Frequency > 75% DRI (n = 59) 45 57 21 31 56 21 56 8 % of n 76% 97% 36% 53% 95% 36% 95% 14% Micronutrients Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin E Calcium Magnesium Iron Selenium Zinc Frequency > 75% DRI (n = 59) 24 15 9 48 7 58 49 45 % of n 41% 25% 15% 81% 12% 98% 83% 76%

Conclusion: The majority of football players in the off season met or exceeded current protein and fat guidelines, while not consuming adequate carbohydrates. Most micronutrient intakes did not reach current recommendations suggesting players need to be further educated on the performance-related benefits of appropriately balanced diets.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.