Numerous physical activity monitors exist and are used to track and improve fitness levels. Due to the increasing popularity of these devices, newer products have been developed that measure heart rate (HR) at the wrist. Little is known about how accurate these devices are at measuring HR at the wrist and how they compare to each other. PURPOSE: To determine how accurately HR was measured by three different wrist-worn physical activity monitors. METHODS: Recreationally active men (n=9) and women (n=3) participated in this study. The average age and weight of participants was 22 ± 3 years and 73.9 ± 12 kg. TomTom Cardio (TT), Fitbit Surge (FB) and Microsoft Band (MB) physical activity monitors were used. The TT, FB, and MB were randomly assigned to the right or left wrist for each participant. The testing procedure included speeds of 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 mph with each speed lasting three minutes. HR was measured by electrocardiography (ECG) using standard limb lead II and by the three different physical activity monitors. HR was recorded from each device every minute throughout the duration of the procedure. Pearson product moment correlations and bias between electrocardiography (ECG) and physical activity monitors with 95% limits of agreement (Bland-Altman analysis) were calculated. Repeated measures ANOVA [Speed x Device] were also calculated. Statistical significance was set at pRESULTS: At 2 mph and 3 mph, only TT HR was significantly correlated with ECG heart rate (r=0.693, p=0.012 and r=0.592, p=0.043). At 4 mph and 6 mph TT was significantly correlated with ECG (r=0.911, pCONCLUSION: With increasing speeds, physical activity monitors more accurately measure HR but individuals should be aware that these devices may overestimate HR during slower walking speeds.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.