EVALUATING THE ENERGY DEMANDS OF EXERCISING WITH A NEW TYPE OF WHOLE BODY EXERCISE EQUIPMENT
Whole body exercise has been repeatedly described as an effective tool for enhancing cardio-respiratory (CRV) function, preventing CRV disease, and improving performance of activities of daily living. PURPOSE: This study sought to better understand the energetic demands of using a new whole body type of exercise equipment (PMXT) that emphasizes independent use of both upper and lower limbs. The PMXT was compared directly with an elliptical exercise machine (EEM) by evaluating both aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditure (EE) contributions. METHODS: 12 physically active adults (6 men + 6 women (Mean±SD) 36±12 yrs, 22.7±2.6 kg/m2) each completed "easy" and "moderate" intensity 3-min submaximal stages using both the PMXT and the EEM, as well as 4 mins of structured PMXT intervals to exhaustion (5 total test stages). Subjects wore a portable metabolic measurement system to assess Aerobic EE (kcals/min). Fingertip blood lactate (BL) was collected at the end of each stage to determine Anaerobic EE (kcals/min), which was calculated from each BL measurement using a standard conversion of 3.0 ml/kg/min/1.0 mmol BL. Total EE, calculated as Aerobic EE + Anaerobic EE, was then determined for each testing stage. Values for Aerobic and Total EE were then compared using a 1-factor (Stages) RM ANOVA and Sheffe's post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Aerobic EE was highest for the PMXT intervals (14.0±1.3 kcals/min; P<0.05), but similar between the PMXT and EEM for both "easy" (8.6±0.5 vs 8.6±0.7 kcals/min) and "moderate" intensity (10.8±0.7 vs 11.3±1.0 kcals/min) 3-min stages. All Aerobic EE values were equivalent to 6.7-10.8 METs, which are all considered "vigorous" intensities. Total EE for PMXT intervals (25.3±1.6 kcals/min) and the "moderate" intensity PMXT stage (17.2±1.2 kcals/min) differed statistically from all other stages (P<0.05), while the other stages were statistically similar (10.8-13.4 kcals/min; P>0.05). Thus, Anaerobic EE caused a 20-24% increase in Total EE for the submaximal EEM stages, a 40-53% increase for the PMXT stages, and an 81% increase for the PMXT intervals. CONCLUSIONS: When comparing a standard elliptical machine (EEM) to the new equipment (PMXT), the PMXT elicited significantly higher Total EE during highest intensity exercise bouts, but similar Aerobic EE during the submaximal bouts. Thus, the PMXT requires high aerobic and anaerobic EE demands when compared with the EEM. Further research should compare the PMXT to other types of fitness equipment (e.g., rowing machines, stair climber) to broadly compare the EE demands of the PMXT to a variety of fitness training devices.
Herberger, P; Zhu, W; and Heil, D P.
"EVALUATING THE ENERGY DEMANDS OF EXERCISING WITH A NEW TYPE OF WHOLE BODY EXERCISE EQUIPMENT,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 8:
3, Article 41.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol8/iss3/41