PHYSICAL ACTVITY AND MUSIC ON BODY COMPOSITION, FITNESS AND METABOLIC PARAMETERS AMONG OBESE SINGAPORE WOMEN
D.D. Salle, M.S. Aman, M.N. Hashim, and F.Y. Loo
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Globesity, permeating Asia, has not excluded Singapore. With 10.8% obesity in 2010, economic growth of this high GDP country will be affected if not overcome. Time-economical high intensity physical activity is a treatment modality for obesity. PURPOSE: To investigate whether the obese, despite their functional limitations, can augment positive results on body composition, fitness and metabolic parameters, when executing high intensity exercises (work intervals >80% of maximal heart rate) aided by music. METHODS: Twelve-week randomized-controlled trial, experimental design on overweight/obese (BMI>24.9 kg/m2) adult Singapore women (N= 92): Treatment A = exercise+synchronous music (n=31), Treatment B = exercise+asynchronous music (n=31) and Control C = non-music exercise (n=30). Clinical examinations, anthropometric and fitness evaluations were carried out pre and post intervention. Analysis: IBM SPSS Statistics v.22 with repeated measure (pre-post-tests) and SPANOVA p < 0.05. RESULTS: Significant differences in all parameters in within-subjects-comparisons Time 1 to Time 2 of intervention. BMI: pre=32.62 ± 0.85, post=30.75 ± 0.83, p=0.00<0.05; WEIGHT LOSS: pre=78.50 ± 1.25, post=73.92 ± 1.13, p=0.00<0.05; BODY FAT: pre=34.72 ± 0.32, post=31.69 ± 0.29, p=0.00<0.05; WAIST: pre=36.52 ± 0.37, post=34.34 ± 0.30, p=0.00<0.05; PUSH-UP: pre=8.37 ± 0.55, post=18.70 ± 0.68, p=0.00<0.05; CURL-UP: pre=9.46 ± 0.59, post=21.82 ± 0.84, p=0.00<0.05; SQUAT: pre=11.39 ± 1.18, post=31.16 ± 1.50, p=0.00<0.05; CHOLESTEROL: pre=205.46 ± 3.69, post=188.95 ± 2.88, p=0.00<0.05; LDL: pre=125.39 ± 3.14, post=116.79 ± 2.67, p=0.00<0.05; HDL: pre=57.22 ± 1.11, post=52.91 ± 0.82, p=0.00<0.05; TRIGLYCERIDES: pre=120.23 ± 9.42, post=95.76 ± 3.24, p=0.004<0.05; BLOOD GLUCOSE: pre=98.95 ± 4.72, post=92.64 ± 2.58,p=0.037<0.05. For between-subjects-comparison, Curl-Up reported significant difference with Synchronous Music and Controls (pre=9.48 ± 7.22 post=26.32 ± 10.37 vs. pre=8.73 ± 5.09 post=18.67 ± 5.98, p=0.023<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Results proved positively for obesity fitness management. Physical activity is effective in all groups, notwithstanding music or non-music. Cardio-metabolic profile (exception of HDL – possible explanation being inadequate time and nil diet intervention) were improved. Non-music and synchronous music are ergogenically effective for Curl-Up fitness. Original music composition + Prediction Formulae (weight loss/ waist circumference) - novel findings generated from study.
University of Malaya Research Grant UMRG RP008D-13HNE/ University of Malaya and National University of Singapore Ethics Committee Approval.
Salle, DD; Aman, MS; Hashim, MN; and Loo, FY
"PHYSICAL ACTVITY AND MUSIC ON BODY COMPOSITION, FITNESS AND METABOLIC PARAMETERS AMONG OBESE SINGAPORE WOMEN,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings: Vol. 8:
4, Article 76.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijesab/vol8/iss4/76