K. Doherty,M. Roque, B. Scott, L. Mecier, W.M. Silvers

Whitworth University, Spokane, WA

Researchers have reported many psychological and physiological benefits attributed to music listening during high-intensity exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to test the effects of preferential and non-preferential music on exercise performance during high intensity, Wingate Anaerobic Tests (WAnT) on undergraduate students. METHODS: Fourteen college-aged male (n = 6) and female (n = 8; weight: 68.7 ± 13.8 kg, age: 21 ± 1.0 y) participants completed WAnT in three separate conditions: 1) non-music, 2) preferential music, and 3) non-preferential music. Rate of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate (HR), mean power (MP), peak power (PP), and fatigue index (FI) were measured. Participants were required to warm up on the cycle ergometer for 5 min before the WAnT in all sessions. For the music sessions, participants listened to either a self-selected or researcher-selected song for the entire warm-up and WAnT. A repeated measures ANOVA (significance level p≤0.05) was utilized to determine the existence of significant differences between experimental conditions for all dependent variables. RESULTS: No statistical differences were observed between conditions for all dependent variables (p > 0.05; see Table 1). However, there was a high probability a Type II error was committed(β = 0.687 - 0.926). CONCLUSIONS: In this research scenario, music preference did not have affect WAnT performance. The primary explanation for the observed results may simply be that the sample size was too small to demonstrate statistically and meaningfully significant results. Additional research with preferential music and exercise is needed to verify these findings.

Table 1.docx (13 kB)

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