S. Stafford, C.P. Katica

Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA

Athletes commonly engage in a warm-up routine before a competition in order to prepare their body for an athletic performance. Research on the most effective type of warm-up is equivocal and the research on warm-up with wheelchair athletes is minimal. PURPOSE: To investigate the possible impact of a static or dynamic stretching warm-up on peak power output in recreational wheelchair basketball players. METHODS: In this repeated measure, counterbalanced design study, 6 recreational wheelchair basketball athletes (4 females and 2 males, age = 23.16 ± 7.33 yrs.) completed 4 different trials. Each trial consisted of a 30 second upper body Wingate Anaerobic Test (WANT) with resistance equating to 3.0% of the participants’ body weight applied to the flywheel. The first trial for each participant was a familiarization trial. The experimental trials were completed in a counterbalanced order and included a static stretching trial (STAT), dynamic stretching trial (DYN), and a control trial (CON) which consisted of no warm-up. Before the STAT and DYN, each participant completed a 5-minute static or dynamic warm-up. The peak wattage and average wattage during the upper body WANT test was recorded. Following the 30 second upper body WANT, each participant was asked to rate their exhaustion using the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale and then complete a 5 minute cool down. Each trial was completed with at least 48 hours of rest in between. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05 and was used to determine individual differences between treatment conditions. RESULTS: There were no significant mean differences seen in the peak wattage between the three trials (p>0.05). Similarly, no differences were found for average wattage. However, RPE was found to be significantly different between DYN and STAT [16.00 ± 1.80 (DYN) vs. 17.16 ± 1.47 (STAT), p=0.006]. CONCLUSION: There were no statistically significant results on peak or average power output. There was a significant difference in RPE, which showed that participants felt less exerted after a dynamic warm-up opposed to a static warm-up. Further research should be conducted assessing different warm-up strategies and performance outcomes in recreational wheelchair basketball players.

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